In our study of James 3:1-12, we considered the Christian and his tongue. We saw that the teacher is especially vulnerable, since the tongue is the tool he/she most commonly employs. But there is another vehicle of communication equally significant—the life. That is the subject of verses 13-18 (note “behaviour” in verse 13). To deal adequately with this subject, James placed in sharp contrast those who are wise and those who are unwise. He developed both by showing the tests, characteristics, and results of each so we can determine which is in operation.